What are the factors that affect hydroplaning? How to lower the risk of hydroplaning? What to do if you are experiencing hydroplaning?
There are so many hazards that you can encounter while driving on the road. One of these hazards is hydroplaning. It is a dangerous event that may happen on the road when it is wet. This is very particular during the rainy season.
I bet any driver has already experience hydroplaning. It can be frightening if you are not ready. Most of the driver tends to panic once they feel that the vehicle is spinning. But, keep calm as this article contains everything there is about hydroplaning.
What is this all about? What are the factors that affect hydroplaning? How to lower the risk of hydroplaning? What to do if you are experiencing hydroplaning? The answers to these questions will be tackled in this article from Philcarnews.com.
When a vehicle started sliding uncontrollably because the tires are encountering much water than the treads can displace, it is what you call hydroplaning. If you are driving in a wet pavement at high speeds, the water begins pushing the front tires slightly off the ground.
This creates a slim film between the road and the tire. The film and the separation of the tire and the road cause the driver is losing control of the vehicle that could result in a crash.
Hydroplaning is produced by the combination of road conditions, speed, and tire condition and design.
Let us dig deeper at all of these:
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As the water depth on the surface of the road increases, the risk of experiencing hydroplaning also increases. Both the type of road surface and intensity of rainfall plays an important role in creating this hazardous situation. For example, unpaved versus asphalt road.
The tread of a tire needs time to vacate water under the footprint. The higher the speed of the vehicle, the less time will be available in evacuating the water. Hydroplaning can happen at speeds of 45 mph and above. However, this still depends on the tire’s condition and design, and the water’s quantity on the road.
A vehicle’s tire having a wide tread will suffer from hydroplane sooner than a narrow tread. The wider footprint contains more surface area. Thus, the wedge of water can be formed in the leading edge.
This is one of the most critical in all of the factors that contribute to hydroplaning. If your tires are already worn, have them replaced as soon as possible to be safe on the roads particularly wet roads. It doesn’t matter if your tire is of high quality. Worn tires will have small resistance to hydroplaning.
Heavy vehicles have an advantage when it comes to resisting hydroplaning. It is because heavier vehicles have a greater force to transfer water from below the tire’s footprint.
Always slow down if the road condition and weather become hazardous. Decrease your speed to 45 mph or below if it is safe to do so. Do this especially if the road is wet and there are too many waters on the road.
Use your common sense, it is much better to safely arrive at your destination and late than not arriving at all. Losing the control of your car at high speeds can lead to accidents especially if it’s in a wet roadway.
Do not rely on the weather condition reported through social media, etc. Pay close attention to the road, and keep your speed control to manual.
When it is raining, you should increase your distance from the other vehicles. Stay alert for the vehicles that are ahead of you. If they are driving unusual, this could be due to standing water areas.
If the drivers in front of you are making tracks, try to keep aligned in them. Most of the water there has already been removed, meaning there’s a lot of space for your tire to contact with the roadway.
One of the best ways to avoid hydroplaning is by checking your tires regularly. Inspect your tires visually for a duration of once a month at least. Ensure that the tires are correctly inflated, and have sufficient tread left.
Make sure also that the tires are not worn out. If you found that your tires are worn out, immediately replace it with a new one. Also, rotate your car’s tires regularly.
Finally, if you are not comfortable driving while there is heavy rain, turn on your emergency lights and pull over. Relax and take your time to prepare before jumping back on the road.
The things you need to do during hydroplaning are the following:
Hydroplaning is very dangerous on the roads, but always remember that with proper safety techniques and preparations will prevent this from happening. Practice this and you will be at less risk of experiencing hydroplaning.